province | North Khorasan Agriculture Jihad Organization

he northern Khorasan province with an area of ​​about 28434 km2 is composed of 8 Bojnourd (provincial center), Shirvan, Esfarayen, Mane and Samalghan, Jajarm, Faroe Islands and Garmah and Razal and Jergalan. This province is geographically located, from the north with Turkmenistan, from the east and the south with Khorasan Razavi province, from the southwest to Semnan province, and from the west to Golestan province. The excavated works in this province reflect its ancient historical has it. The ancient fortress of Pahlavan and Haydaran hills of Jajarm is more than 12 thousand years old. The oldest pre-Islamic bamboo effect (spaghetti stone building) in the west of Maneh and Samalghan, 5 km north of the Asian highway in the village of Espah, is another reason for the integrity of the Inada.
The average annual precipitation in the province is 230 mm, the highest of which is 468 mm in the city of Mane-ye-ul-Golan and (Dashekh station) and the lowest is 120 mm in Jajarm station. The average temperature in the province is 13.05 ° C and in summer it reaches a maximum of 40 ° C in Maneh and Samalghan. The highest rainfall is expected in winter and April. In general, the northern Khorasan is located in the semi-arid floor. The water resources of the province include surface water and underground waters. The most important rivers in the province are the Atrak River with 211 km long, Kal Shir with 195 km and Gorgan Rood with a length of 41 km in the current province. The most important provinces are Barozo Dam with a volume of 92.5 million cubic meters in Shirvan, Shirin Dam Valleys with a volume of 90 million cubic meters in Mane and Samalghan city, Bidwaz dam with a volume of 54 million cubic meters in Esfarayen city, Chery dam with a volume of 5 million cubic meters in the city of Faruj. Groundwater from 2901 well deep, semi-deep and handy wells , Qanats and Springs are provided. The total annual precipitation in the province is 8.3 billion cubic meters, which is 6.1 billion cubic meters of evaporation and 2.2 billion cubic meters of water is managed, which is 1.33 billion cubic meters.
North Khorasan province has 102023.81 hectares of irrigated agricultural land and 151508.7 hectares of dryland land in the year 92-91 and has 36751.25 hectares of gardens in 2013. Most aquatic areas are dedicated to the cultivation of products such as cereals (wheat and barley), industrial plants (cotton, sugar beet, sunflower) and forage products (alfalfa, corn). The main gardens of the province include grapes, apples, walnuts, cherries and cherries. Be In the province, 33 types of crops and 26 types of garden products are produced, and the total production of water and dry crops is about 717781.5 tons and the production of horticultural products is 205491.86 tons. 79 percent of the crops in the province are from irrigated lands and 21 percent of land production areas it is possible. Regarding the climatic conditions of the province, various types of cold products including cereals, sugar beet and semi-tropical products, including rice and cotton, and cherry, apple, wild pistachio and olive products are used. The province has 1414850 hectares of pasture and also has 434550 hectares of forest, shrubs and shrubs, and 183636 hectares of desert and desert. The vegetation of the lagoon area includes the grasses, grasses and legumes. Also, the vegetation of hippopotamus is more commonly as shrubs and from the Merkban and Kenopodiasia families. The vegetation cover of forest areas includes the needles of leaves such as arboreal and broadleaf. The population of Damiaustan is based on 1392 statistics including 134363 heads of cattle and calves, 2160519 heads of sheep and lambs 475232 head of goats and kids and 3149 camels. The total poultry meat production in 2013 was 7608 tons, which is obtained from 480 thousand native chicken and 4832 thousand meat chickens in 70 industrial units. The province has 4 industrial livestock chickens, with milk production of about 2,441 tons per year, 26780 tons of red meat, 1099 tons of honey, 7608 tons of chicken, 1370 tons of eggs, and 1210 tons of flesh in 2013.